The National Eligibility cum Entrance Test (NEET) was launched to reduce the burden on medical/dental aspirants who earlier had to face multiple entrance tests to secure admission. Aspirants could, through NEET, appear for a single exam and apply for admission. NEET scores were used for admission to each and every medical and dental college in the country, where merit lists were drawn up for all-India and state-wise. Any student not obtaining minimum marks required in NEET or not having attempted NEET would not be able to apply for medical or dental admission for that specific academic year. NEET also specified that admission is to be conducted on basis of NEET scores alone.
The stifling NEET exam has now been replaced by the more flexible All India Pre Medical Entrance Test (AIPMT), to be conducted by Central Board of Secondary Education, which earlier conducted NEET.
AIPMT is to be used for admission to undergraduate medical and dental courses and is taking place on May 4, 2014. AIPMT scores are used for admission to 15 per cent seats in Government Medical/Dental College and are also used by participating private colleges. The National Eligibility cum Entrance Test (NEET) used for MBBS and BDS admissions in 2013 has been replaced by AIPMT, but the entrance exam syllabus remains the same as that for NEET UG.
The syllabus of AIPMT is based on Class 11th and Class 12th Physics, Chemistry and Biology (Botany and Zoology). With a total of 180 objective type questions, 45 questions are asked from each subject: physics, chemistry, botany and zoology, to be completed in 3 hours. Generally questions are based on NCERT text books.
NEET UG 2013 used for medical/dental college admissions was attempted by 6, 58,040 candidates and cleared by 3, 66,317 candidates. The examination took place at 1,251 test centers across a total of 85 cities within India and outside India. NEET UG 2013 was held on 5th May 2013.