Tripura situated in northeastern areas of India records the highest literacy in the country i.e 95%. This adds another feather to its cap. Achieving 95.06 per cent literacy brings the place greater media attention and an aim to attain 100 per cent literacy within 6 months.
Tripura aims to achieve 100 per cent literacy within six months. Newspapers say For this they are making effort to first make literate all who are till Class 3rd by March 2015. Chief Minister, Manik Sarkar on the International Literacy Day says among other states, Tripura jumped to first position from fourth in 2011 and 12th position in 2001.
Literacy levels of various States- (from 2011 Census)
- Kerala 94 per cent
- Mizoram 91.58 per cent
- Goa 88.7 per cent
Kerala, Mizoram and Goa are considered the most literate states in India.
The credit for the success story of literacy rates of Tripura goes to the involvement of local government bodies, gram panchayats, NGOs and local clubs under the close supervision of the State Literacy Mission Authority headed by the chief minister.
The state government consistently undertook specific tasks to improve the functional literacy of the neo-literate. Not only did Tripura showed highest literacy, it showed higher rate in female literacy compared to its male counterparts.
Literacy rate of females during the period of 2001-2011 Census rose from 64.91 to 83.15 per cent, with an increase of 18.24 per cent, while in the case of men the increase was just 11.18 per cent — from 81 to 92.18 per cent.
Mizoram and Tripura remains toppers in literacy rates in Northeastern states. On the other hand, Arunachal Pradesh (66.95 per cent), is placed second lowest in literacy in the country, just above Bihar, which recorded the least literacy of 63.82 per cent.
Kerala follows Tripura with 94 per cent literacy. The chief minister said that after Tripura attained 87.75 per cent literacy in 2011, a government survey was conducted by the eight district magistrates in August 2012 which resulted in only 131,634 people of the state’s 37 lakh people, including those aged 50 and above, being illiterate.
Over 85 master trainers have supervised the work of the VLWs, who have worked at the village and habitation levels. Anganwadi workers under the social welfare department have also assisted the VLWs in their endeavour.
It seems that the government has a long vision. Not only it is working on literacy, it is also simultaneously planning for literacy programme and a job-oriented occupational training programme for the neo-literate so that they can be self-reliant. For overall and sustainable growth the state government is also considering providing financial, technical and logistical support to those who complete the literacy course and skill development training.